CAXIAS DO SUL
Caxias do Sul is a city in Rio Grande do Sul State,
Southern Brazil, situated in the state's mountainous Serra Gaúcha region. It was established by Italian immigrants on June 20, 1890. Today it is the second largest city in the state of Rio Grande do Sul. The demonym of the citizens of Caxias do Sul is Caxiense.
The history of Caxias do Sul began before the arrival of the Italians, when the region was being roamed by cattlemen and occupied by Indigenous peoples. The region was called "Indians' Field" in that period. The arrival of Italian immigrants, mostly farmers from the Veneto region (northern Italy), began in 1875 in Nova Milano. Hence, they were in search of a better place to live. They were met by people from Lombardy, Trento, and other places in Italy. Although they received governmental support such as tools, supplies, and seeds, everything had to be reimbursed to the federal government.
Nowadays, Caxias do Sul is an important city, and due to its industrious colonists, is home to vast vineyards, wineries, a varied industrial park, and a rich and dynamic market. Those attributes grant the land great importance; for such reason Caxias do Sul is often called "Pearl of the Colonies", is considered the center of the Italian presence in Southern Brazil.
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VARIOUS ASPECTS OF
CAXIAS DO SUL
From top to bottom and from left to right: Ambiência Casa de Pedra, National Monument to the Immigrant, Cathedral, Panorama of the city, Statue of Liberty in Dante Alighieri Square, Historical buildings of Metalurgica Abramo Eberle and the House of Culture Percy Vargas de Abreu e Lima.
Por Tetraktys - CC BY 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=11546597
The city is located in the mountains of the Serra Gaucha, 760 metres (2,490 ft) above sea level. Under the Köppen climate classification, Caxias do Sul features a subtropical highland climate or oceanic temperate climate. The average annual temperature is 16 °C (60.8 °F). In July, the coldest month, the average high temperature is 17 °C (62.6 °F) and the average low is 8 °C (46.4 °F); in January, the hottest, they're 26 °C (78.8 °F) and 16 °C (60.8 °F), respectively. Frosts are common in the winter and snow can occur, but it is less common. The last significant snowfall was recorded in August 2013, when 10–15 cm of snow fell over the city.
Portuguese is the official national language, and thus the primary language taught in schools. Elderly people can often speak Italian, a regional language based on Venetian but also very much influenced by other Italian dialects and by Portuguese.
University of Caxias do Sul
By Danirossi at English Wikipedia - Transferred from en.wikipedia to Commons by Tetraktys., Public Domain,
The Brazilian Real
(Portuguese: real, pl. reais; sign: R$; code: BRL) is the official currency of Brazil. It is subdivided into 100 cents. The Central Bank of Brazil is the central bank and the issuing authority.
The dollar-like sign (cifrão) in the currency's symbol (both historic and modern), and in all the other past Brazilian currencies, is officially written with two vertical strokes rather than one.
if you want to know all brazilian notes, please visit
Central Bank of Brazil at the link below: